Dimitry L. SPIVAK
D.S. Likhachev Russian Scientific Research Institute of Cultural and Natural Heritage
2, Kosmonavtov ul., Moscow, 129366 Russian Federation
UNESCO Chair on Comparative Studies of Spiritual Traditions, their Specific Cultures and Interreligious Dialogue, Chair
N.P. Bekhtereva Human Brain Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences
12, ul. Akademika Pavlova, Saint Petersburg, 197376 Russian Federation
Doctor of Science (Philology)
ORCID: 0000-0001-7276-5182Guylchokhra N. SEYIDOVA
Derbent Affiliation, Daghestan State University
11, ul. G. Alieva, Derbent, Republic of Daghestan, 368600 Russian Federation
Museum of History of World Cultures and Religions
3, ul. Mira, Derbent, Republic of Daghestan, 368602 Russian Federation
Northern Caucasus Affiliation, UNESCO Chair on Comparative Studies of Spiritual Traditions, their Specific Cultures and Interreligious Dialogue, Chair
PhD in Philosophy
ORCID: 0000-0003-2382-7564Comparative mass study of religious orientations of present-day Russian citizens. Paper 2: Sunni MuslimsAbstract:
A group of 101 Sunni Muslims, dwellers of Daghestan Republic, Russian Federation, were interviewed with the help of three standard questionnaires, two of which had been elaborated by Russian religious psychologists, and one was a Russian version of the well-known Scale of Religious Orientations by Allport-Ross. The study formed part of a mass comparative study of religious attitudes of present-day Russian citizens, conducted by UNESCO Chair on Comparative Studies of Spiritual Traditions, their Specific Cultures and Interreligious Dialogue, which functions at the basis of D.S. Likhachev Russian Institute of Cultural and Natural Heritage, and belongs to International Network of UNITWIN/UNESCO Chairs in Inter-religious Dialogue and Intercultural Understanding (IDIU). Basic trends in personal religiosity were revealed by Sunni Muslims, starting from high level of integral religiosity, and ending with deep personal connection to God. Considerable affinity to the corresponding dimensions of the religious experience of Shia Muslims, studied earlier in the framework of this study, both in absolute values of indices, and structural patterns of their organization, was proven, as well as presence of important differences. A trend, being strong by young Sunni Muslims, both male and female, weak by aged Sunni Muslims of any sex, and absent by Shia Muslims in general, serves as a plausible example. It consists in high assessment of the level of one’s personal religiosity, positively linked to high appreciation of religion as source of one’s moral standards, and of its function as help in resolving everyday problems. Regularities revealed as result of this study are most constructive for the sake of conducting responsible intercultural / interfaith dialogue with Sunni Muslims. Key words:
Religious orientations, psychology of religion, comparative studies, Sunni Muslims.References:
- Spivak, D.L., Seyidova, G.N. (2022). Comparative mass study of religious orientations of present-day Russian citizens. Paper 1: Shiites.International Journal of Cultural Research, 3:8, 150–166. DOI: 10.52173/2079-1100-2022-3-150.
- Ramadan, T. (2017). Imtroduction to Islam. Oxford University Press. ISBN: 978-0-19-046748-7.
- Waines, D. (2014). An introduction to Islam. Cambridge University Press. DOI: 10.1017/CBO9780511801037.
- Schmidtke, S. (ed.). (2016). The Oxford handbook of Islamic theology. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-969670-3.
- Iakhiaev, N.I. (2013). Mesto i rol’ islama v sotsiokul’turnoi integratsii dagestanskogo obshchestva (Place and role of Islam in sociocultural integration of Daghestani society). Islamovedeniie.13, 4-14 (in Russian).
- Sultanakhmedova, Z.G. (2018). Traditsionnyi islam na Severnom Kavkaze (Traditional Islam in Northern Caucasus). Kant, 1:26, 131-135 (in Russian).
- Badri, M. (2016). The Dilemma of Muslim Psychologists. Islamic Book Trust.
- Al-Karam, K.Y. (2018). Islamic psychology: towards a 21st century definition and conceptual framework. Journal of Islamic Ethics. 2, 97-109. DOI:10.1163/24685542-12340020.
- Pavlova, O.S. (2020). Psikhologiia: islamskii diskurs(Psychology: Islamic discourse). Assotsiatsiia psikhologicheskoi pomoshchi musul’manam, ANO NPC ‘Al-Vasatia – Umerennost’. ISBN 978-5-6044746-0-0 (in Russian).
- Pavlova, O.S. (2015). Religioznaia i etnicheskaia identichnost’ musul’man Severo-Zapadnogo i Severo-Vostochnogo Kavkaza: soderzhaniie i osobennosti sootnosheniia (Religious and ethnic identity of Muslims of North-Western and North-Eastern Caucasus: contents and peculiarities of interconnection). Islam v Sovremennom Mire. 11:2, 75-86. DOI: 10.20536/2074-1529-2015-11-2-75-86 (in Russian).
- Achinovich, T.I. (2013). Aktual’nye problemy issledovaniia religioznosti v sovremennoi otechestvennoi psikhologii (Actual problems in religiosity studies in present-day Russian psychology). Iaroslavskii pedagogicheskii vestnik. II:3, 218-222 (in Russian).
- The age gap in religion around the world(2018). Pew Research Center.
- The gender gap in religion around the world(2016). Pew Research Center.
- Khaskhanova, M.T., Vereshchagina. M.D. (2019). Tipy religioznoi identichnosti chechenskikh studentov (Types of religious identity of Chechen students). Obrazovanie i nauka. 21:9, 80-97. DOI: 10.17853/1994-5639-2019-9-80-97 (in Russian).
- Khaskhanova, M.T. (2019). Religioznaia identichnost’ chechenskikh studentov: rezultaty pilotazhnogo issledovaniia (Religious identity of Chechen students: results of pilot study).Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta, Seria 14. Psikhologiia, 2, 105-120. DOI: 10.11621/vsp.2019.02.105 (in Russian).
- Sinelina, Iu.Iu. (2009). Pravoslavnyiie i musul’mane: sravnitel’nyi analiz religioznogo povedeniia i tsennostnykh orientatsii (Orthodox Christians and Muslims: comparative analysis of religious behaviour and value orientations). Sotsiologicheskiie Issledovaniia. 4, 89-95 (in Russian).
Spivak, D., Seyidova, G. Comparative mass study of religious orientations of present-day Russian citizens. Paper 2: Sunni Muslims. International Journal of Cultural Research, 2 (51). 115–127. DOI: 10.52173/2079-1100_2023_2_115