Nina N. SOSNA
Institute of Philosophy, Russian Academy of Sciences
12/1 Goncharnaya Str., Moscow, Russian Federation, 109240
Senior Research Fellow
ORCID: 0000-0002-6881-0400Excluded Agency. On the (in)Transferability of Some Natural Science Models into Social SciencesAbstract:
In the context of the growing tendency to structure the humanities in a new way by borrowing particular terminology and argumentation of the natural sciences (i.c. information technology, molecular biology, elementary physics), the author turns to the potential of translatability between different disciplines, this time analyzing the method of K. Barad. Despite its origin in quantum mechanics, the method of agent realism is claimed to be universal, suitable for any scale and matter, calling into question the boundaries between social practices (discourse, politics) and experiments in science as such. Accordingly, using a complex of such established terms as quantum entanglement, measurement, apparatus, diffraction, as well as the inventive ones, such as "agent cut", Barad proposes to obtain a system of description and at the same time of practical action that would allow not only to objectively describe what is happening around, but also to achieve "openness of the future". Reconstructing some often not obvious connectives within the discursive "entanglements" of Barad's texts, and also briefly dwelling on one of her new examples from the field of protozoa, the author proceeds to the characteristics of a possible social approach that would extrapolate Barad's marking and exclusion operations to other levels, from the non-human to the not-only-non-human (by analogy with the category of "not-only-human" by another researcher, also working within the framework of the new materialism, J. Bennett). Noting the undoubted attractiveness of the Barad theory, first of all, the emphasis on interaction at all levels, the author shows that many of these concepts, formulated in defiance of liberalism, contain quite authoritarian potential.Key words:
anthropology, Barad, discourse practice, entanglement, inhuman, mark, macro world, microword, model, scales, technics, transdisciplinarity.References:
- Virno, P. (2004) A grammar of the multitude. For an Analysis of Contemporary Forms of Life. Translated from the Italian Isabella Bertoletti James Cascaito Andrea Casson Semiotext(e). (Russian Translation 2013)
- Sosna, N. (2019) Unmeasurable cosmism. Action according to A.Negri. History of philosophy. V. 24. № 2. 104‒113. (In Russian)
- Sosna, N. (2018) Techniques of the observer» after the observer. International journal of cultural research2018. № 2(31). 240–250. (In Russian).
- Stengers, I. (2011) Thinking with Whitehead. A Free and Wild Creation of Concepts. Trans. by M. Chase, forward by B. Latour. Cambridge, Massachusetts, and London: Harvard University Press.
- Haraway D (1992) The Promises of Monsters: A Regenerative Politics for Inappropriate /d Others. Cultural Studies, ed. Lawrence Grossberg, Cary Nelson, and Paula Treichler, 295–337. New York: Routledge.
- Barad, K. (2007) Meeting the Universe Halfway. Quantum Physics and the Entanglement of Matter and Meaning. Durham, London: Duke University Press.
- Butler, J. (1993) Bodies That Matter: On the Discursive Limits of “Sex”. New York: Routledge.
- Feynman, R. P., Leighton, R. B., and Sands, M. (1964). The Feynman Lectures on Physics. Vols. r-3. Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley.
- Bennett, J (2010). Vibrant Matter: A Political Ecology of Things. Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press
- Barad, K. Invertebrate visions: diffractions of the brittlestar. Multispecies salon Ch.6. URL: https://www.multispecies-salon.org/
- Mitrofanova, A. (2018) «Cyborg utopia» and the onthology of new materialism. Practices and interpretations. V 3 (3) (In Russian)
- Aizenberg, J., Tkachenko, A., Weiner, S., Addadi, L. & Hendler, G. (2001) Calcitic microlenses as part of the photoreceptor system in brittlestars. Nature412, 819–822.
- Massumi, B. (2002) Parables for the virtual. Duke University Press. (Russian Translation 2011).
- Berardi, F (Bifo) (2011) After the Future. Ed. Gary Genosko and Nicholas Thoburn. AK Press.
- Galloway, A. (2018) Asymmetry instead of extension (interviewed by Nina Sosna). Philosophy Journal. 2018. 11. № 4. 75–79. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21146/2072-0726-2018-11-4-75-79
- Massumi, B. (2011) Semblance and Event: Activist Philosophy and the Occurrent Arts. MIT Press.
- Elkins, J. (2010) Notions of skin and membrane. Elkins, J. Studimg the visual world. Vilnius: European State University (In Russian).
- Zeilenger, A. (2012) Dance of the Photons: From Einstein to Quantum Teleportation. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.
Sosna, N. Excluded Agency. On the (in)Transferability of Some Natural Science Models into Social Sciences. International Journal of Cultural Research, 3 (44). 77–90. DOI: 10.52173/2079-1100_2021_3_77